Papini, Giovanni

(1881–1956)
   A self-taught intellectual of formidable energy and power but little precision, Giovanni Papini was a tireless editor and literary entrepreneur. Nevertheless, he is chiefly remembered today for his paean of praise for Fascism, Italia mia (My Italy, 1941).
   Born in Florence, Papini came to public attention as a literary figure between 1903 and 1907 as the editor of the little magazine Leonardoand as a contributor to Il Regno, a review edited by Enrico Corradini. A violent nationalist, Papini was also attracted by pragmatism, which, unlike American philosophers, such as John Dewey and William James, he interpreted as an ideology of power that would lead to the “twilight of the philosophers” rather than as a practical tool for the achievement of social reform. After experimenting with nationalism and futurism, Papini turned to the Church, becoming a devout Catholic in the 1920s. He also started his final literary venture, Frontespizio, and warmed somewhat to Benito Mussolini. After he was invited to join the Accademia d’Italia (1937), he became an ardent admirer. Italia mia was one of the low points of intellectual fellow-traveling with Mussolini’s regime. Atirade of invective against plutocratic Britain and the sinister forces of freemasonry and Jewry, and a plea for Italy to achieve its historical role and reemerge as the guiding hand in European civilization, the book was a study in the power of nationalist ideology to detach its followers from the moorings of common sense. By the end of the war, however, the Florentine intellectual had come to realize that the irrationalist philosophy he had propagated throughout his life had been one of the causes of the immense destruction that was all around him. He did not support the Republic of Salo. Papini died in Florence in 1956.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Papini, Giovanni — ▪ Italian author born Jan. 9, 1881, Florence, Italy died July 8, 1956, Florence       journalist, critic, poet, and novelist, one of the most outspoken and controversial Italian literary figures of the early and mid 20th century. He was… …   Universalium

  • Papini, Giovanni — ► (1881 1956) Escritor y ensayista italiano. Autor de novelas, libros de poesía y ensayos filosóficos, históricos, religiosos y literarios. Obras: Historia de Cristo (1921), Dante vivo (1933), Un hombre acabado (1912) o las póstumas El juicio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Papini, Giovanni — (Firenze 1881 1956) scrittore e saggista ; fondatore e direttore de “Il Leonardo”, “Lacerba” e “L’Anima”; direttore de “La Voce” e “La Rinascita”; accademico d’Italia. collab./opere: “Il Regno, “Hermes”, “Il Selvaggio”, “Pegaso”, “Il… …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Papini — Papini, Giovanni …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giovanni Papini — (* 9. Januar 1881 in Florenz; † 8. Juli 1956 ebenda) war ein italienischer Schriftsteller. Anfangs dem Pragmatismus und Futurismus zugewandt, findet in seinem Spätwerk sein tiefer katholischer Glaube Ausdruck. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giovanni Papini — (Florencia, 9 de enero de 1881 íd. 8 de julio de 1956) fue un escritor italiano. Inicialmente escéptico, posteriormente pasó a ser un fervoroso católico. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Fascismo y últimos años 3 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Papini — Giovanni Papini (* 9. Januar 1881 in Florenz; † 8. Juli 1956 ebenda) war ein italienischer Schriftsteller. Anfangs dem Pragmatismus und Futurismus zugewandt, findet in seinem Spätwerk sein tiefer katholischer Glaube Ausdruck. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PAPINI (G.) — PAPINI GIOVANNI (1881 1956) Après une enfance pauvre, Giovanni Papini adolescent s’enthousiasma pour une culture littéraire et scientifique animée par l’idéal d’omniscience prôné par le positivisme fin de siècle. Il enseigne, devient journaliste …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Papini — Papini,   Giovanni, Pseudonym Gian Fạlco, italienischer Schriftsteller, * Florenz 9. 1. 1881, ✝ ebenda 8. 7. 1956; gründete und leitete mehrere literarische Zeitschriften (1903 mit G. Prezzolini »Leonardo«; 1908 12 Mitarbeiter von »La Voce«;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Giovanni Papini — Giovanni Papini, né à Florence le 9 janvier 1881 et mort le 8 juillet 1956, est un écrivain italien, qui « continue de susciter une grande attention critique en France et en Italie »[1]. Sa pensée satirique est controversée en raison de …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.